Musarrif Afal: Talimat

Manshura fi yaum 30 Disambir 2010; mujaddada fi yaum 31 Disambir 2010

How to use the online verb conjugator: The conjugator is still under development, so please take its results with a grain of sand and use them with caution for the time being.

As a descendent of Arabic, Fremen retains the “triliteral” (three-consonant) root structure characteristic of the Semitic languages of Old Terra. However, the loss of various sounds in Fremen in many cases obscures the underlying or original root. To use this automatic conjugator correctly, you must enter the correct root form. Say you want to see the forms for the verb kataba; you would select the following settings on the form controls (the L4 literal is disabled for now) and hit “Submit”:

L1L2L3(L4)Perfect
Vowel
Imperfect
Vowel
Form
(or Summary)
KTB-auI

But say you wanted to see a summary of selected derived forms of the verb adaba, from which both adab (Form I) and Muad’Dib (Form II) derive, you would have to enter a “0” (zero) for the missing initial consonant, thus:

L1L2L3(L4)Perfect
Vowel
Imperfect
Vowel
Form
(or Summary)
0DB-auSum

The default settings for the form (F 0 L - a a I) are for the verb faala traditionally used by Arab grammarians to illustrate verb conjugations. (Note that this verb has become irregular in Fremen due to the loss of the medial consonant ‘ayn.) The form below is fully functional and transfers to the main conjugator interface page.

Here is a brief explanation of each of the form settings:

SettingMeaning
L1First letter of verb
L2Second letter of verb
L3Third letter of verb
(L4)Fourth letter of verb (disabled for now)
Perfect VowelVowel after L2 in Perfect (e.g., a for kataba, i for nasiya, u for batua)
Imperfect VowelVowel after L2 in Imperfect (usually indicated in Glossary entry)
FormDerived Form (I - X) or Summary

L1L2L3(L4)Perfect
Vowel
Imperfect
Vowel
Form
(or Summary)